Sunbeds are designed to offer a controlled environment for safer tanning. We hope that this pages will provide you with a basic understanding of the essential issues. Tanfastique  recommends that all operators should join The Sunbed Association and also obtain a copy of the Health & Safety Executive Guidelines. If you require more detailed information please telephone Tanfastique and we will be happy to help.


The skin is the largest multi functional organ of our body. It has three main layers: the top outer skin (epidermis); the leather skin (corium) and the true skin (subcutis). Our skin is constantly renewing itself. The cells are forced outward and harden on the surface where eventually they are shed. We develop a new outer skin every 4 weeks.


Tanning works the same way indoors and outdoors. Ultra violet light penetrates the skin, causing different reactions.
UVA rays are sometimes called the tanning rays and UVB the burning rays because they are more intense than UVA. Indoor tanning processes are balanced differently, emitting more UVA and much less UVB than the sun, making it a much preferred option for many people.


Whenever the skin is exposed to UVB light, more melanin (the tanning pigment) is produced by cells, called melanocytes, deep in the epidermis layer of the skin. Melanin is carried through the epidermis to the upper layer of the skin.

  UVA light has the effect of oxidising the melanin, tanning the skin in the process. As a natural process, the melanin absorbs the UVA light and stops it reaching the deeper, more sensitive, layers of skin. In this way the body’s natural defences protect your skin from burning... as long as the skin is not overexposed.  

Our natural skin colour is determined by skin pigment and the presence and amount of melanin in an individual is determined by hereditary factors. A simple way of determining a person’s skin type is to look at the way their skin reacts to natural sunlight.
As a general rule people’s skin types can be divided into four main categories:

People with very fair skin and often with red hair and freckles who cannot tan and burn in sunlight.
TANFASTIQUE RECOMMENDATION: These customers should not tan on a sunbed or outdoors. They should use full SPF protection. We would suggest you sell them maximum outdoor SPF’s or alternatively refer to the Faking It section in this website.
People with fairish skin who do tan but burn easily in the early stages need to be patient and take controlled limited exposure before achieving a tan. They should start with the minimum recommended session times and build up gradually.
TANFASTIQUE RECOMMENDATION: Even though these customers tan easily they should take care with developing a tan. This customer will never get very dark and should be very careful with exposure times. An ideal customer to use a tan accelerator, to increase melanin, as well as an amplifier whilst having a sunbed session. Sunscreens should be used for most outdoor activities.
People with brownish white skins who tan fairly easily but can burn if overexposed. Even though they tan easily, they should respect the fact that they can still burn, especially without a base tan.
TANFASTIQUE RECOMMENDATION: These customers tan easily but should respect the fact that they still burn. Again an ideal customer to sell an amplifier or tanning accelerator.
People with dark skin who tan easily and hardly ever burn, but even so need to be careful that they don’t go through prolonged over exposure.
TANFASTIQUE RECOMMENDATION: These customers will tan easily but should never be allowed more than the full recommended session time. Again an ideal customer to sell lotions to.
There are also skin types 5 and 6, which cover the Asian and African Caribbean. Generally, customers wishing to use sunbeds will fall into skin types 1 and 4.